Caregivers for loved ones with Alzheimer’s or other dementia-related disease are often the ones who suffer the most. Alzheimer’s victims often undergo a personality change. Individuals may start hitting, yelling, having delusions or being suspicious of other family members; behaviors that are completely opposite of their former selves. The ironic twist of fate is that they don’t realize how different and difficult their behavior has become.
Caregivers who are faced with these tense situations day in and day out are prone to frustration at the very least, and often experience depression. They are trying to care for their mother or father, which is difficult in itself; and then they see their parent act in a bizarre way, and in a potentially dangerous situation. It can be too much to handle.
One tactic for reducing conflict is to choose your battles and be prepared to get into their world to reduce conflict. If mom is convinced that Aunt Rose is coming by to visit, even though Aunt Rose has been dead for 18 years, it’s alright to allow her to think that. Confronting her with the truth probably won’t convince her, and it could agitate her, causing behavior problems. If dad wants to wear two sweaters at the same time, and doing so wouldn’t cause him to overheat, then let him. The point is to not contradict them on issues that aren’t causing physical harm or endangerment to themselves or others. Getting into their world and going along with their thoughts will reduce the stress level quite a bit.
It’s important to remember that you can’t reason with someone who has Alzheimer’s or dementia. They will not see the situation in a rational manner, like they could before the disease. Constantly trying to change their mind or explaining away their ideas will only cause stress for the caregiver.
Accepting the disease, and working with it instead of against it will ease difficult situations. Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms of Alzheimer’s. You can use that in your favor at times. An altercation that occurred in the morning will likely be forgotten within an hour, giving you a clean slate with which to start fresh. They won’t hold grudges, because they usually forget the fights quickly.
Redirecting your loved one to subjects or activities that bring them joy is another powerful tool. You may find that they enjoy talking about their fishing days, or gardening. If you find that to be the case, bring up these topics during stressful times and see if it helps to calm them down.
When your loved one is having a bad day and nothing you’re doing seems to be working, remind yourself that it’s a disease, not a personal attack. We don’t blame someone for having arthritis, for instance. We accept their limitations and help them if they are having a difficulty. Try to remember that this is a disease of the brain, and there’s no reason to take offense at most of these behaviors.
Just because you are a caregiver doesn’t mean you have to do that job 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you don’t take care of yourself and stay mentally and physically sharp, you won’t be able to help anyone else. Consider delegating some responsibilities to willing family members or friends, looking for help outside of the home, and knowing that it’s okay to pursue your own interests and hobbies.
Loved ones and caregivers of someone with dementia or Alzheimer’s are victims of the disease as well. The stress is real and difficult to endure, but a strong support system and being honest with your ability to handle situations and knowing how to pick your battles will make a huge difference in getting through the difficult times.